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雅思长难句解析(80)|长难句“综合版”

时间:03-16 来源:最新资讯 访问次数:74

雅思长难句解析(80)|长难句“综合版”

March 15, 2024雅思长难句解析 | | 栏目推送说明雅思长难句解析每周一期,专业老师解读成功就是日复一日的积累本期作者:郑百慧例句1Researchers have revealed that molecules called phytochromes - used by plants to detect light during the day - actually change their function in darkness to become cellular temperature gauges that measure the heat of the night.(剑16 Test3 Passage2 )1)结构分析层次一:主句:Researchers have revealed that molecules change their function修饰①:called......day【done分词定语,修饰molecules】修饰②:to.....night【to do状语,修饰主句,表目的】层次二:修饰①内部:主体:called phytochromes修饰:used...day-【done分词定语,修饰phytochromes】修饰②内部:主体:to become cellular temperature gauges修饰:that......night【that定从,修饰gauges】结构总结:主句+done【嵌套done】+to do【嵌套定从】2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号调查人员发现:(植物在白天用来碳测光线的)光敏色素分子实际上在黑暗中改变了他们的功能,(变成了测量夜间热量的细胞温度计)3)重点词汇:reveal:v. 揭示molecules:n. 分子detect:v. 发现function:n. 功能temperature gauges:(词组)温度计cellular:adj. 细胞的measure:v. 测量例句2The new findings, published in the journal Science, show that phytochromes control genetic switches in response to temperature as well as light to dictate plant development..(剑16 Test3 Passage2 )1)结构分析层次一:主句:The new findings show that phytochromes control genetic switches修饰①:in response......... light【介短定语,修饰switch】修饰②:to......development【to do状语,修饰主体部分,表目的】结构总结:主句+介短+to do2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号(被发行在科学杂志上的)新发现显示:植物色素会控制(回应温度和光的)基因变化,(以此来决定植物发展)。3)重点词汇:remarkably:adv. 令人值得注意的 显著的phytochromes:n. 植物色素dictate:v. 控制 独裁 决定journal Science:(词组)科学杂志genetic switches:(词组)基因变化in response to:(词组)对....回应例句3At night, these molecules change states, and the pace at which they change is 'directly proportional to temperature', say scientists, who compare phytochromes to mercury in a thermometer(剑16 Test3 Passage2)1) 结构分析:层次一:主句:these molecules change states and the pace is 'directly proportional to temperature修饰①:at which.....change【which定从,修饰pace】修饰②:who...... thermometer【who定从,修饰scientists】结构总结:主句+定从+定从2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号(把植物色素比喻成温度计中的水银的)科学家说:在夜间,这些分子会改变状态,而且他们变化的速度和温度成正比.3)重点词汇:directly proportional to:(词组) 和.....成正比mercury:n. 水银 水星thermometer:n. 温度计

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